Let’s remember that poor black men comprised a significant portion of draftees in Lyndon Johnson’s war against a nominal country called North Vietnam. As Prisoners of Hope and Taylor Branch’s magnificent At Canaan’s Edge tell the story, LBJ ground his teeth into a powder on learning that Martin Luther King, Jr. had made the inescapable connections between domestic civil rights, the travails of poor blacks, and the war. But it took Muhammed Ali, the world’s most famous athlete, to explain the stakes:
Why should they ask me to put on a uniform and go 10,000 miles from home and drop bombs and bullets on Brown people in Vietnam while so-called Negro people in Louisville are treated like dogs and denied simple human rights? No I’m not going 10,000 miles from home to help murder and burn another poor nation simply to continue the domination of white slave masters of the darker people the world over. This is the day when such evils must come to an end. I have been warned that to take such a stand would cost me millions of dollars. But I have said it once and I will say it again. The real enemy of my people is here. I will not disgrace my religion, my people or myself by becoming a tool to enslave those who are fighting for their own justice, freedom and equality…. If I thought the war was going to bring freedom and equality to 22 million of my people they wouldn’t have to draft me, I’d join tomorrow. I have nothing to lose by standing up for my beliefs. So I’ll go to jail, so what? We’ve been in jail for 400 years.
As Sonia Sanchez said in that Nation excerpt, “It’s hard now to relay the emotion of that time. This was still a time when hardly any well-known people were resisting the draft. It was a war that was disproportionately killing young Black brothers and here was this beautiful, funny poetical young man standing up and saying no! Imagine it for a moment!”